IIS 7.5: New Features and Configuration
With the introduction of Server 2008 R2, came the upgrade from IIS 7.0 to 7.5. With this upgrade a number of different enhancements were included to improve on the ability to maintain and deploy IIS.
These enhancements include:
- Integration of the FTP service
- Integration of WebDAV, including support for HTTP over SSL
- A new management console with administrative enhancements
- A configuration editor which is embedded into the management console for easier creation of automated scripts
- The addition of an Application Warm-Up extension which is used to decrease initial application response times
- Integration with Windows Server 2008 R2’s Best Practice Analyzer which advises based on IIS best practice rules
- Built in support for .NET 4.0 applications
- Several development enhancements which help developers code in the most secure way possible
- Ability to use configuration tracing to audit changes to the IIS system
As with many of the different services provided in Server 2008 R2, the installation of IIS is done through Server Manager and is rather easy to setup. The following steps are used to setup IIS 7.5 on your system.
Step 1: Launch Server Manager and select the roles option in the left pane as shown in Figure 1 (click on the image to see full screen):
Step 2: As IIS is considered an additional role for the server, select the Add Role option in the right pane, this will bring up the window as shown in Figure 2:
Step 3: Select Next from the initial Add Roles windows and you will receive the window as shown in Figure 3. From here select Web Server (IIS) and select Next.
Step 4: Once you select Next on the Select Server Roles window, the Introduction to Web Server window will be displayed as shown in Figure 4 below, which gives an overview of the Web Server capabilities with additional links for additional information. Once done with reading this window select Next.
Step 5: The window shown in Figure 5 and 6 below allows you to configure IIS with the capabilities which are required for your installation. Any of these options can be added or removed later should you be uncertain at this point.
Step 6: From the windows shown in Figure 6 you can also see where the FTP Server has been integrated into the Web Server (IIS) Services. Once you have selected all of the options needed for your installation select Next.
Step 7: Once you are finished with selecting the options available for the Web Server Installation, the wizard will prompt you with the Confirm Installation Selections window as shown in Figure 7, which enables you to review your configuration selections. Once you are finished reviewing your configuration options select Install.
Step 8: Watch the Installation Progress window as your selections are installed.
If everything was installed as expected, then the window shown in Figure 9 will be displayed which lists all of the options which you had selected.
There are a number of different Windows which can be used to display and configure the options available for the Web Server (IIS). The first of these is displayed in Figure 10 below.
This window shows the various options which were installed with the Web Server (IIS) and provides the option to manage the Web Server through the use of the Go to Web Server (IIS) link. This window also offers you the ability to add or remove Role Services to your Web Server (IIS) installation, this is done via the Add Role Services and Remove Role Services links.
Once the Go to Web Server (IIS) link is selected then the window shown in Figure 11 is displayed. From this window a variety of different options are available to connect and configure your Web Server (IIS). The servers which are currently configured for the Web Server can be seen displayed on the left pane of the management window, this is of course very familiar to many of the other Role management windows.
Once the server which is intended to be managed is selected from the left management pane the window in Figure 12 is displayed. From this window the variety of options available are accessible.
Figure 12 – Web Server (IIS) Server Manager Window
As I mentioned in the previous section, IIS 7.5 includes the integration of the familiar Server 2008 R2 Best Practices Analyzer, this window is shown in Figure 13:
Figure 13 – Best Practices Analyzer
There are a number of different enhancements which come with IIS 7.5 which will enable both developers and users the ability to enjoy sites and their enhancements in an easier and more friendly manner. Hopefully this article allows you the ability to review these new features and helps in planning for Web Server (IIS) installation.